Asthma, in common parlance, is a type of problem that affects our lungs and interferes with our breathing.
According to the World Health Organization, 300 million people are affected by asthma. Most of the children and low-income countries have a relatively high incidence of asthma.
When we breathe, that air travels through the trachea to the lungs. If we have shortness of breath, the inside of the trachea becomes swollen, constricted, and the sputum freezes. As a result, we often find it difficult to breathe and cough. Most asthma is caused by allergies. But even without allergies.
How do you know if you have “asthma”?
If you have difficulty breathing, coughing at night and waking up from sleep, coughing in the throat and wheezing symptoms for a while (days, weeks, or months) and then disappearing and appearing again after a while Dum “may have happened.
There must be some reason for suffocation. Hereditary, skin and nasal allergies, obesity, respiratory diseases, exposure to chemicals, irregular eating, and smoking have been found to cause asthma.
There are many reasons why asthma problems appear for a while and then disappear. Such as indoor and indoor dust and fumes, pet feathers especially cats, their clothes, chain feces, cold air, cold food, flower air mixed with flower particles, paint on the walls of the house, strong smell, a lot of anxiety, and stress, exercise, excessive laughter and Some medications (aspirin, ibuprofen, high blood pressure medication) cause asthma from time to time.
Asthma sufferers need to know which of the above causes their asthma problems. And if you can protect yourself from such things, you can avoid the problem of asthma that appears from time to time and that is the best way to control asthma.
Similarly, to keep the inside and outside of the house clean, to treat respiratory diseases, to quit smoking, to change the medicine, not to fall asleep at night, not to eat more greasy, spicy, and spicy food mixed with the chemicals available in the market.
Physicians usually diagnose asthma by examining the chest and other necessary tests. Spirometry, chest x-rays, and some blood and sputum tests may also be needed.
If, after taking all these measures, asthma does not stop attacking, it is necessary to go to the health post immediately and seek the advice of a doctor.
Protecting yourself from asthma is the best way to control your asthma. For treatment, doctors advise patients to use a drug called Asthalin and steroids. The number and amount of medication are increased depending on the condition of the asthma symptoms and how often the problem flares up during the day and night.
Asthma patients need to understand:
Discover the cause of asthma and discard those causes.
Know the proper use of medicines and take precautions.
• Asthalin use alone does not cure asthma, it only works temporarily.
If the breath is not normal even after using the medicine, you should go to the hospital immediately. Because sometimes it can be very difficult to breathe and even die.
(The author is studying in the fourth year of MBBS at BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan.)