Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) is a term for disorders related to hearing ability. Most of these disorders are experienced by young children who are in the process of being able to hear. The brains of people with this disorder cannot process and understand what is heard but still have normal hearing.
This condition causes difficulties in understanding language, especially in children but it can also be experienced by adults. This is because there are distortions in the auditory (auditory) signal. Symptoms of auditory processing disorder are not being able to clearly distinguish speech in a crowded or noisy environment, not easy to follow conversations and directions, easily distracted, and difficulty learning.
This disorder is generally experienced by children, but adults can also experience this disorder. Children who suffer from this disorder will experience disturbances in intellectual and social interactions. Some of the symptoms of auditory processing disorder that occur are difficulties in:
- Enjoy music
- Easily distracted by noise
- Distinguish words with similar pronunciations such as “box” and “frog”
- Understand words (especially in noisy situations or when they are said quickly)
- Reading and writing
- Remembering orders
- Search for sound sources
- Answer the question
- Speech and language skills development
- Concentrate and be a person who doesn’t care
- Work in large groups
- Have good hearing
- Receive information so that it must be repeated
In addition to paying attention to the disturbance that occurs, you can question your child’s condition regarding the symptoms that occur with the following help questions:
- Is he having trouble keeping up with the conversation?
- Is he very untidy and forgetful?
- Does he have trouble reading, spelling, writing, or speaking?
- Does he have difficulty following both simple and complex instructions?
- Does her behavior improve in a calmer environment?
- Does the noisy environment bother him?
- Is he easily distracted by loud noises?
By referring to these questions, you can find out whether your child has auditory processing disorder. It is not certain what causes this disease. However, several things can trigger it such as:
- The existence of abnormal auditory information processing in the brain. This condition can cause delays in the development of the central heating system
- Experiencing head trauma, chronic ear infection
- Hyperactivity disorder due to inattention (hyperactivity disorder)
- Have autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
- Dyslexia and language disorders
To cure this disorder, the right medicine has not been found. However, there are several treatment options that aim to improve this condition. The speech therapist will evaluate the patient’s condition and will provide advice on the best therapy to do. This determination depends on the severity of the disorder experienced. Some of these therapy options are:
- Intervention: helping to get around the academic and learning environment for children, this step includes:
- Choose a seat away from windows and other distractions
- Choose a seat in the front so that it is close to the teaching teacher
- Reducing any noise that may occur
- Using hearing aids in order to amplify the speech signal and attach directly
- Use visual aids such as handouts and diagrams to help with lessons
- Individual speech therapy sessions: to encourage and practice auditory processing skills