The Novel Coronavirus has wreaked havoc on the whole world. The death toll, which has risen to a mark of 2500 in China alone, is nowhere nearing any halt. Over the past few weeks, this virus has spread to around 25 countries globally including Australia, Japan, Malaysia, the US, India, Vietnam, and Indonesia among others. The situation in China is not improving as such and other countries are also experiencing a slow yet steady boom in the number of cases.
The probability of cases that are going unreported an area of major concern in countries that have weaker or underdeveloped healthcare facilities, particularly the ones in Africa and Southeast Asia, those which can be easily overawed by an indigenous viral outbreak. Even though no cases have been reported so far in the African continent, certain countries there, like Nigeria, are at a higher risk rate as they happen to have strong business ties with China.
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Containing and treating the disease is an area of immediate concern and scientists and researchers around the globe are working for the same. The spread of the disease is so spontaneous that efforts of containing the outbreak are going in vain. Almost 79,000 global infections have been reported, wherein the unreported cases are not accounted for yet.
Scientists have been following the infection since it broke out and have found some luck with questions like how the virus is spread, what fate does this viral infection brings upon the patient, and other similar intriguing questions.
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SARS or MERS (part of the Coronavirus family) were believed to have exported through Zoonotic (animal-to-human) transmission and the same might be true for the new Coronavirus as well. What is the possible mode of transmission of the Coronavirus?
Although the coronavirus is not considered an air-borne virus (like Measles or Smallpox), it is still believed to transmit through respiratory droplets. It is believed that if you are in close contact (shaking hands, using the same doorknob as the patient, etc.) with the infected person then you are at risk of contracting the virus.
Also, if you are in a 6 feet area around the infected, then you are likely to get exposed to the virus. So, even when the virus doesn’t circulate through the air, it can be dangerous to be in close proximity to the infected person. Also, some reports suggest that contaminated fecal matter is potent enough to spread the virus.