What is rabies?
Measles is caused by a highly contagious, paramyxovirus virus (measles) that affects children the most.
The disease is most common in children under 5 years of age and can quickly become epidemic. Measles infections in children can lead to serious complications and even death.
According to the WHO, severe measles is more common in malnourished children and those with low immunity. If the disease is contracted in pregnant women, it can lead to premature births and miscarriages.
People who have been cured of measles should not have the infection for the rest of their lives. That is, they develop measles resistance.
The disease is spread from person to person through coughing or sneezing, tiny droplets of water that come out of the mouth, or through breathing.
Similarly, the disease is spread through direct contact with the measles patient or through the air. People who are close to the patient or come in direct contact with sputum, saliva, and saliva can also be infected. The measles virus mainly infects the trachea and spreads throughout the body.
What are the symptoms of measles?
The most common symptom of measles is a high fever. The onset of the fever occurs 10-14 days after contact with measles and lasts for about a week.
Measles can cause fatigue, colds, coughs, red eyes, and blisters. After a few days, red spots usually appear on the upper part of the face and neck, and gradually on other parts of the body.
Complications of this disease:
Infection with this disease can lead to complications such as blindness, encephalitis, severe diarrhea, ear infections, pneumonia, respiratory tract, and lung infections.
the treatment :
According to the WHO, there is no specific antiviral treatment for measles. Attempts are made to reduce the severe complications caused by this disease through supportive treatment and care.
Good nutrition, adequate fluid intake, and dehydration are treated with oral rehydration solution.
The water of life replenishes the fluid that comes out of the body due to diarrhea and vomiting. Antibiotics are given to treat eye infections and pneumonia.
All children diagnosed with measles should be given 2 doses of vitamin A every 24 hours. Vitamin A supplementation has been shown to reduce measles deaths by up to 50 percent.
Let’s take care If the disease is not detected and treated in time, it can turn into an epidemic.