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SEVERAL RISK FACTORS FOR STROKE

SEVERAL RISK FACTORS FOR STROKE
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Hypertension or high blood pressure can actually increase the risk of stroke. This is because the blood pressure is too high, causing blood vessels in the brain to burst and then a stroke (hemorrhagic stroke). Other factors can also be caused by smoking, or consuming foods that are high in salt, and drinking too much alcohol so that they can increase blood pressure. High blood sugar (diabetes) tends to co-exist with high blood pressure and high cholesterol, all of which increase the risk of stroke. Being overweight or obese can increase total cholesterol levels, raise blood pressure, and be a risk factor for diabetes. High cholesterol is also a risk factor for stroke because high cholesterol in the blood can build fat deposits (plaque) on the walls of blood vessels. These fatty deposits (plaque) can block blood flow to the brain, causing a stroke (ischemic stroke). In addition, heart problems can also increase the risk of stroke. For example, coronary heart disease (CAD) increases the risk of the disease. Other heart conditions, such as heart valve defects, irregular heartbeats (including atrial fibrillation), and enlarged chambers of the heart, can form blood clots that can block blood vessels in the brain and cause a stroke. Some of the other risks that can increase the disease are diabetes and obesity as well as obesity, these are included. Due to diabetes, which causes high blood sugar, the sugar should enter the body’s cells. It is important for us to know, lack of physical activity in sports can actually increase body weight, which can lead to an increase in blood pressure and cholesterol levels. This inactivity is also a risk factor for diabetes, so is it too risk factors for stroke. Here are some of the factors of the disease that we can still control:

READ: SEVERAL THINGS CAN CAUSE RIGHT-SIDED HEADACHES

  • smoking can cause stroke

Drinking Alcohol Drinking too much alcohol can increase blood pressure, which increases the risk of stroke. It also raises levels of triglycerides, a form of cholesterol, which can harden the arteries.

  • Previous stroke or transient ischemic (TIA).

If you have had a previous stroke or TIA (“mini-stroke,” or mild stroke) there is a high chance that you could have a stroke later in life.

  • Sickle cell disease. Sickle cell disease is a blood disorder associated with ischemic stroke and mainly affects African-American and Hispanic children. A stroke can occur when sickle cells become trapped in a blood vessel and block blood flow to the brain. About 10% of children with sickle cell disease will have a stroke.
  • Overweight and obesity. Being overweight or obese can increase total cholesterol levels, increase blood pressure, and become a risk factor for stroke through diabetes.
  • Behavioral factors or bad lifestyle/habits that can cause a stroke

Smoking Smoking is believed to be a risk of stroke because it can injure blood vessels and accelerate hardening of the arteries. The carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood. Secondhand smoke can increase the risk of stroke compared to nonsmokers.

  • Having diabetes or diabetes can increase your risk of stroke and can make your stroke worse. Diabetes conditions that cause high blood sugar, which should enter the body’s cells. High blood sugar (diabetes) tends to co-exist with high blood pressure and high cholesterol, all of which increase the risk of stroke.

Apart from that, several factors of stroke cannot be changed

  • Family history. Having a family history of stroke increases a person’s chances of having a stroke.
  • Age and gender. The older you are, the more likely you are to have a stroke. For ages 65 and older, men are at a greater risk than women.
  • Genetic
  • The use of hormonal therapy or birth control pills that contain estrogen increases the incidence of stroke. [1]

“Reported from the Alodokter’s page” Based on the cause, there are two types of stroke, namely: Ischemic stroke. About 80% of strokes are ischemic types. An ischemic stroke occurs when the arteries that carry blood and oxygen to the brain become narrowed or blocked, causing a marked reduction in blood flow to the brain. This condition is also known as ischemia. There are 2 types of stroke, including thrombotic and embolic strokes. Hemorrhagic stroke. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain bursts causing bleeding. There are two types of hemorrhagic stroke, among others, intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage.

 

[1] Reference source Honestdocs.com

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