Symptoms of diabetes are usually associated with the disease called diabetes mellitus, or just diabetes as it is known by most people. There are two main types of diabetes Type 1, and Type 2, described as metabolic disorders that affect the way the body metabolizes, digested food to produce glucose to power the body.
When the body is functioning normally, following a meal the pancreas produces insulin. The insulin transfers the glucose through cell walls into the interior of the cells where the glucose (sugar) turns into the primary source of energy.
When there is a metabolic disorder such as a form of diabetes an abnormal chemical reactions in the body disrupt this process the results are:
1. Insulin deficiency when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to regulate blood glucose level (Type 1 diabetes).
2. Insulin resistance when the cells are not responding to the insulin produced (Type 2 diabetes).
Some of the early warning signs of diabetes symptoms are feelings of fatigue, hunger, and thirst even when eating and drinking plenty of food and water. Since glucose is present in the blood in a greater quantity than the body needs, the body reacts by urging frequent urination to get rid of the excess glucose. In addition, the kidneys have to work harder to absorb and filter the increased amount of glucose. If the kidneys fall behind, the extra glucose goes into the urine and is joined by other fluids, which triggers more frequent urination and feelings of thirst.
It’s good to be immune to viruses, harmful bacteria, and other diseases but not to insulin. Insulin resistance estimated at about 25% percent of the adults in the United States in part due to the lack of exercise and undying love of simple carbohydrates and processed sugary foods. Insulin resistance puts you on a path to gaining weight and can increase your risk of heart disease, bone, and joint problems. Additional health issues associated with diabetes consist of skincare complications, digestion issues, and dental problems.
One should be aware of the early warning signs of diabetes, particularly Pre-diabetes and Type II diabetes, which can be vague, with no diabetic symptoms whatsoever because they develop slowly over time and go unnoticed. However, some individuals do experience warning signs but many of us do not.
Below are some diabetic symptoms to watch for:
- Frequent urination
- Feeling hungry and thirsty even though you are eating and drinking
- Tired all of the time
- Blurry vision
- Injuries that are slow to heal
- A sensation of tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
If you experience any of these symptoms, consult with your doctor about having a fasting blood test to check for early signs of diabetes. If your doctor finds your blood glucose level elevated, he may need another test to decide if you are at risk of diabetes. Early detection leads to better prognosis.
Normal fasting blood glucose level is between 70 mg/dL and 100 mg/dL.
Pre-diabetes: Normal fasting blood glucose levels between 101 to 125 mg/dL are higher than normal and considered pre-diabetes but not high enough to diagnose as diabetic. This level puts you at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes, increasing your risk of heart disease, and stroke.
Type 2 Diabetes: Normal fasting blood glucose level between 126 mg/dL to 140 mg/dL meaning the body does not produce enough insulin or the body develops an “insulin resistance condition” and cannot make efficient use of the insulin it makes increasing your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Type 1: The body produces very little insulin or none at all, which is a hormone needed to allow glucose to enter cells to produce energy. The disease usually occurs in children and young adults, previously known as juvenile diabetes.
Some Type 1 diabetic patients experience symptoms like abdominal pain, nausea, and even coma. This type of coma “diabetic ketoacidosis” occurs when the disease is not controlled. Diabetic comas are extremely dangerous and can cause death in some cases.
Diabetes has another form called “Hypoglycemia” which occurs when a person has less than 70 mg/dl of blood sugar in their bloodstream. Symptoms of hypoglycemia happen quickly and include general malaise, fainting, and sometimes coma.
Anyone who suspects they are developing diabetes should familiarize themselves with the signs and symptoms. If there is a family history of it, you are overweight or obese, you should arrange for a glucose test. In order to decide if it is diabetes, other tests could be required, but signs of abnormal blood sugar levels are the first step towards determining whether diabetes is the cause.
With any form of diabetes, using the Glycemic Index (GI) can help diabetics manage their disease more effectively. The GI helps quickly identifying the foods that have the highest amount of sugars, starches, and carbohydrates so you can avoid or minimize them. Through regular monitoring and checking the GI of foods, most diabetics can easily manage the disease.
Although diabetic symptoms are frightening, they are generally controlled in most cases. The disease is often managed for a lifetime if the patient monitors their blood sugar and takes medications prescribed by their doctor. This disease is well-known and your doctor will help you develop a diabetes treatment plan that is right for you.